PI: Tjerk Hagemeijer

Co-PI: Inês Duarte



Afonso Miguel (UCA, ISCEL)

Amália Mendes (FLUL, CLUL)

Anabela Gonçalves (FLUL, CLUL)

Ana Maria Brito (FLUP, CLUP)

António Leal (FLUP, CLUP)

Feliciano Chimbutane (UEM)

Inês Duarte (FLUL, CLUL)

Matilde Miguel (FLUL, CLUL)

Nélia Alexandre (FLUL, CLUL)

Rita Gonçalves (FLUL, CLUL)

Tjerk Hagemeijer (FLUL, CLUL)

Vanessa López (FLUL, CLUL)


Starting Date: October 1, 2019


Funding: Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT); 234.790,40 euros


Host Institution: Faculdade de Letras/Centro de Linguística da Universidade de Lisboa


Partner Institutions:

- Faculdade de Letras/Centro de Linguística da Universidade do Porto

- Universidade Eduardo Mondlane (Maputo)

- Universidade Católica de Angola/Instituto Superior de Ciências da Educação de Luanda


Project Summary:

The central idea of this project is to analyze how language contact, L2 acquisition, and nativization of Portuguese contribute to variation and lead to the emergence and crystallization of linguistic features. In order to achieve this objective, we focus on the spoken contemporary urban varieties of Portuguese in Angola, Mozambique, and S. Tomé and Príncipe, which i) are at different stages of the nativization process and ii) are (historically) in contact with different languages and linguistic typologies.

Our case study will describe and analyze constructions in the domain of possession and location involving the argument structure of intransitive, monotransitive and ditransitive verbs that select Goals, Locatives, and Recipients. The available descriptions show that the expression of these semantic roles exhibits significant variation across varieties of Portuguese. In the case of the African varieties of Portuguese (AVPs), this variation is rooted in the specific sociohistorical conditions that have led to an ongoing nativization process in a context of historical language contact with Bantu and Creole languages.

Previous work on AVPs, which emerge as a research object in the 1980s, has documented broad tendencies of language change and variation in subdomains of possession and location (e.g. datives). However, these studies generally fall short of fine-grained descriptions and analyses, do not relate interdependent constructions, and do not systematically compare across AVPs and the languages they are in contact with.

To overcome these shortcomings, we aim to collect, transcribe, annotate and elicit contemporary spoken urban data to build new, comparable, linguistic corpora with detailed sociolinguistic information that allow us to systematically describe, quantify, analyze, and compare the syntactic and semantic properties of the constructions at hand across AVPs. We will also extensively investigate the relevant properties of the languages the AVPs are in contact with. This comparative approach will shed new light on the central research questions of this project.

  1. i) What drives the observed patterns of microvariation across and within nativizing AVPs in the domains of possession and location?
  2. ii) How can we tease apart contact-induced features from change related to general properties of grammar in contexts of nativization?

The project is expected to make a very substantial and innovative contribution to the research on AVPs by setting a new standard which can be applied to the study of other domains of grammar, as well as by contributing to the debate on postcolonial varieties in education and language planning.


Contact: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.





Cristina Sobral (Coordination)

Marta Cruz (Edition)



Firstly, to inventory and study the heritage of Bernardo de Passos, and secondly, to critically edit the literary work and correspondence of the poet. The critical edition will be published by Editora Sem Nome, which will form a partnership with the Centro de Linguística da U. L. for this purpose.

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Principal Investigator

Hugo Cardoso


Team members

Hugo Cardoso

Mahesh Radhakrishnan

Patrícia Costa



Rui Pereira (CLUL)



Dennis McGilvray (University of Colorado)

Ian Smith (York University)

Jim Sykes (University of Pennsylvania)

K. David Jackson (Yale University)

Sebastian Nordhoff (Language Science Press)




Sri Lanka Portuguese (also known as Sri Lanka Creole Portuguese or Burgher Portuguese) is a Portuguese-lexified creole language spoken by the Portuguese Burgher community of Eastern Sri Lanka and historically also by the Kaffir and the Dutch Burgher communities. The formation of the creole is connected with Portuguese colonial domination of large tracts of Sri Lanka (then Ceylon) between the early 16th and the mid-17th century. Among other characteristics, the Portuguese Burgher and Kaffir communities are noted for their particular genres of music and dance.

This documentation project is a spin-off of "Portuguese-based creoles of the Dravidian space: Diachrony and synchrony" and is funded by the Endangered Languages Documentation Programme (SOAS, University of London). The objective is to create an annotated corpus of Sri Lanka Portuguese language, dance and music traditions (including primary materials located in various archives and libraries), which is made accessible in the Endangered Languages Archive.


Access the corpus here


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Principal Investigator

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Hugo Cardoso


Current team members

Hugo Cardoso

Vanessa López


Past team members

Ana Krajinović




This project studies the Portuguese-based Creoles which developed from the early 16th-century in the Dravidian-majority regions of Southern India and Eastern Sri Lanka – a subset of the Asian-Portuguese creoles which, despite having been the very first, remain understudied - from a diachronic and a synchronic perspective.


- Diachronic research involves the collection, edition and analysis of primary written sources produced in Portuguese, in South India, during and after Portuguese colonial rule


- Synchronic research involves the linguistic documentation and description of the surviving Dravido-Portuguese creoles of Kerala [India] and Eastern Sri Lanka




1. The production of annotated corpora of the Portuguese-based creoles of South India


          Oral Corpus of Cannanore Indo-Portuguese Creole (2006-2015) - available soon


          Oral Corpus of Cochin Indo-Portuguese Creole (2007-2010) - available soon


2. The production of an annotated corpus of the Portuguese-based creole of Sri Lanka


Research in Sri Lanka has resulted in a spin-off project dedicated entirely to the documentation of Sri Lanka Portuguese:

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3. Portuguese-language manuscripts from South India: Ernakulam Regional Archives




Collection and transcription of documents written in Portuguese (17th-19th centuries) - available soon




Cardoso, Hugo. 2015. 'The correspondence between A. Bigandet and Hugo Schuchardt', in Bernhard Hurch (ed.), Hugo Schuchardt Archiv (2007-). [Webedition available at: http://schuchardt.uni-graz.at/korrespondenz/briefe/ korrespondenzpartner/156]

Cardoso, Hugo. 2015. 'The correspondence between Robert Caldwell and Hugo Schuchardt', in Bernhard Hurch (ed.), Hugo Schuchardt Archiv (2007-). [Webedition available at: http://schuchardt.uni-graz.at/korrespondenz/briefe/ korrespondenzpartner/438]

Cardoso, Hugo. 2015. 'The correspondence between D’Cruz and Hugo Schuchardt', in Bernhard Hurch (ed.), Hugo Schuchardt Archiv (2007-). [Webedition available at: http://schuchardt.uni-graz.at/korrespondenz/briefe/korrespondenz partner/104]

Cardoso, Hugo & Johannes Mücke. 2015. 'The correspondence between Friedrich Wilhelm Schmolck and Hugo Schuchardt', in Bernhard Hurch (ed.), Hugo Schuchardt Archiv (2007-). [Webedition available at: http://schuchardt.uni-graz.at/korrespondenz/briefe/korrespondenzpartner/538]

Mücke, Johannes & Hugo Cardoso. 2014. 'The correspondence between Angelus Francis Xaver Maffei and Hugo Schuchardt', in Bernhard Hurch (ed.), Hugo Schuchardt Archiv (2007-). [Webedition available at: http://schuchardt.uni-graz.at/korrespondenz/briefe/korrespondenzpartner/1993]

Cardoso, Hugo C. 2014. ‘Factoring sociolinguistic variation into the history of Indo-Portuguese’. Revista de Crioulos de Base Lexical Portuguesa e Espanhola 5: 87-114.

Cardoso, Hugo C. 2014. ‘The case of addressees in Dravido-Portuguese’. Papia 24(2): 307-342.

Krajinović Rodrigues, Ana. 2015 O sistema verbal dos crioulos indo-portugueses do Malabar, MA dissertation, Universidade de Lisboa.

Project reference: 209034.
The constitution of the Learner Corpus of Portuguese L2 (COPLE2) is currently funded within the project RECAP.
Resources for Portuguese Learning (RECAP).



Iria del Río (Principal Investigator)
Funding Sponsors:
Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian (FCG) - Project reference: 209034 , Associação para o Desenvolvimento da Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Lisboa (ADFLUL), Instituto de Cultura e Língua Portuguesa (ICLP).

Participating institutions:
Centro de Linguística da Universidade de Lisboa (CLUL)
Instituto de Cultura e Língua Portuguesa (ICLP)
Centro de Avaliação de Português Língua Estrangeira (CAPLE)
Start: October, 2017
End: September, 2018

The main goal of the project RECAP is the enlargement and improvement of the current version of the Learner Corpus of Portuguese as Foreign/Second Language (COPLE2).

The corpus will be enriched with new written texts produced by students of PFL/L2 courses in the Instituto de Cultura e Língua Portuguesa (ICLP – FLUL). The process of compilation, encoding and annotation will follow the procedures already set in previous stages of development of the corpus. We will focus on improving the balance in corpus composition, taking into account not only the L1 of the learners but also the topic/task of the text. We will add also a control corpus with texts produced by native speakers of Portuguese.

The project is funded by Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian as part of the program for Portuguese Language and Culture (PGLCP). It results from a partnership between several institutions such as ICLP, CAPLE and Centro de Linguística da Universidade de Lisboa (CLUL).

del Río, Iria & Mendes, Amália. (2018). Error annotation in a Learner Corpus of Portuguese. 11th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation. May 7th to 12th, 2018. Miyazaki, Japan. 
López, Vanessa (2018). Infinitivos flexionados no COPLE2. Poster presented at Jornadas de PLE, Universidade do Minho, January 19th to20th, 2018.
FCG 01 FundacaoCalousteGulbenkian PRT CAPLE